Primary Language Assessment—Standards-based Tests in Spanish for Reading/Language Arts

General Information


The optional Standards based Tests in Spanish (STS) for Reading/Language Arts (RLA) are multiple-choice tests that allow Spanish-speaking English learners (EL) to demonstrate their knowledge of the California content standards by taking an RLA assessment in their primary language. Biliterate, bilingual California educators and test developers constructed the STS for RLA items.

Students may take the STS for RLA in addition to, not in place of, the Smarter Balanced English language arts/literacy (ELA) assessments. EL students who are within their first 12 months of enrollment in a U.S. school as of April 15 of the previous year have a one-time exemption from the Smarter Balanced for ELA. For the 2016–17 California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress administration, this explanation of “recently arrived EL” may not be consistent with the information put forth by the Analysis, Measurement, and Accountability Reporting Division.

Who Takes the STS?

The STS for RLA tests are optional for Spanish-speaking English learners in grades two through eleven who meet the following criteria:

  • Whose primary language is Spanish and who is receiving instruction in Spanish; or
  • Who is recently arrived EL and whose primary language is Spanish.

At the option of the local educational agency, schools may also use the STS to test Spanish-speaking English learners who are enrolled in a dual-language immersion program that includes Spanish.

2017–18 Test Materials

Test Administration Manual